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The Structure of the Combined Text‘王(wang)+賓(bin) +’ in the Second Period of Shang Dynasty Oracle Bone Inscriptions and the Inside -As part of the predecessor work for reliable cultural research for Shang Dynasty-

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2020, (56), pp.117-142
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2020..56.005
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Received : April 10, 2020
  • Accepted : May 20, 2020
  • Published : May 31, 2020

Kyung Il Kim 1

1상명대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of following research examines the structural characteristic and cultural aspect implied in the combined texts of ‘王 + 賓' + ’, a unique finding, from the second period of the Shang Dynasty. The analysis first examines the background of the emergence of texts ‘王 + 賓’, which frequently appear in the second period of the Shang Dynasty in the cultural context of ancestral rites. The paper analyzes the elements of character 賓. 賓 consists of three elements: ‘宀’, ‘人’, ‘止’. ‘宀’ represents a house where the ancestral rite takes place, ‘人’ represents the ghost of the ancestor, ‘止’ represents the King guiding the ghost for entrance. Also, the research examines the role of ‘賓’ as a V1 verb by analyzing the order of the words. Lastly, the research emphasizes the characteristic of the object in the ‘王 + 賓' + ’ structure and examination of another verb V2. Based on these findings, the research confirms that the text “王 + 賓 V1 + O + V2” discovered in the second period of the Shang Dynasty is composed of unique objects particularly defined as the ghost of the ancestors. Furthermore, the research confirms there are five distinct ancestral rites used as rotating V2 verbs.

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