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A Study on a Semantic Map of 'Qi(起)', a Multi-functional Morpheme

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2021, (60), pp.81-113
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2021..60.004
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Received : April 10, 2021
  • Accepted : May 20, 2021
  • Published : May 31, 2021

CAI CHUN YU 1

1국민대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This thesis made an induction from universality of 'Qi(起)', a Chinese standard language and dialect through the conceptual space by comparing it with Korean '일다/일어나다(Rise)' and drew a semantic map of the standard language and Korean language. These elements could be found to share most semantic features in 'the cause area' and 'the change area.' In Chinese language, a polysemous category of 'Qi(起)' gets to be formed as the scope of application is expanded into 'concreteness > temporality > abstractness' based on persons, archetypical activity targets through metaphors and metonymy. 'Qi(起)' of the standard language is expanded from the space domain to the time domain and is shown as continuance and the perfect tense as well as viewpoints and eventually, the meaning is done into topic markers. In dialects, 'Qi(起)' is also used as the markers that show comparison of things, methods of movements, and base forms. '일어나다(Rise)' of Korean language implies the meaning and function of '일다(rise)' and shares more semantic features with 'Qi(起)' of the Chinese language. The researcher expects that the results of the semantic map built by the analysis on multi-functional morphemes like 'Qi(起)' can efficiently utilized in the field of Chinese language education.

Citation status

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