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A Corpus-Based Analysis of the Synonyms in Modern Chinese - Focusing on “qíng kuàng (情况)” and “zhuàng kuàng(状况)”

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2022, (64), pp.23-55
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2022..64.002
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Received : April 10, 2022
  • Accepted : May 20, 2022
  • Published : May 31, 2022

CHE YUN JI 1

1北京大學 中國語言文學系

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims to analyze the synonyms “qíng kuàng (情况)” and “zhuàng kuàng(状况)” based on the corpus of CCL and BCC. First of all, it is observed that the collocation word placed on the left side of “qíng kuàng” tends to have an abstract meaning, whereas the left-sided collocation word of “zhuàng kuàng” is prone to be specific. The right-sided collocation words of these two, on the other hand, are mainly functional, most of which are used for a connection. Secondly, the interchange between “qíng kuàng” and “zhuàng kuàng” is a matter of “tendency.” Lastly, compared with “qíng kuàng,” most of the words collocated with “zhuàng kuàng” are in a negative sense. The semantic prosody of “qíng kuàng” can be considered neutral, while that of “zhuàng kuàng” is negative.

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