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Ecological Studies of Wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Yeongwol Hanbando Wetland Inferred through DNA Analysis of Non-invasive Samples

  • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Abbr : J EIA
  • 2020, 29(3), pp.230-238
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Research Area : Engineering > Environmental Engineering
  • Received : April 24, 2020
  • Accepted : May 27, 2020
  • Published : June 30, 2020

Kim, Minkyung ORD ID 1 Sang-im Lee ORD ID 2 Hyomin Park ORD ID 3 Lee, Sang-Don ORD ID 3

1서울대학교 생명과학부
2대구경북과학기술원 뉴바이올로지전공
3이화여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study inferred the ecology of habitat use of the wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Yeongwol Hanbando wetland through DNA analysis using non-invasive samples of hairs. From November 2018 to May 2019, hair samples were collected from rubbing trees and hair traps within the Hanbando wetland (2.772 km2). We extracted DNA from the hair samples and conducted PCR to verify the species and identify sex of the individuals. In addition we analysed 6 microsatellite markers to identify individuals and genetic relationship among the pairs of individuals. A total of 16 boar hairs were sampled, which turned out to be from 10 individual (7 females and 3 males) boars. We found that 9 pairs, out of 45 possible pairs, were most likely to be relatives. The result from kinship data and the location of the sampled hairs suggest that wild boars in this area live as family groups that consist of a mother and her offspring, which is consistent with known habits of wild boars. It is needed to include more samples and microsatellite markers for better precise estimation of kinship among the boar individuals.

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