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A Study on Background of Originating Yongbiouchonga under the Reign of King Sejong and Process of Making it Music

  • The Studies in Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Abbr : Korean Poetry and Culture
  • 2009, (24), pp.1-17
  • Publisher : The Society of Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

김세종 1

1전남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

With the establishment of Chosun Dynasty, the effort to admire true charity of the new dynasty resulted in completion of <Yongbiouchonga>(龍飛御天歌). The process creating it is roughly categorized into two parts: one is for Chinese one jointly completed by three scholars of Gwon Jae(權踶, 1387~1445), Jeong In-Ji(鄭麟趾, 1396~1478) and An Ji(安止, 1377~1464) on April 5. 1445( in the 27th reign year of king Sejong) and the other is for Korean edition completed by scholars from Jiphyunjeon such as Taehujung Choi Hang(1409~1474) in 1447(in the 29th reign year of king Sejong). However, as <Yongbiouchonga> in Chinese was designed to inform the foundation of the new dynasty and honor its charity, the effort to make it music accelerated immediately. That is, four months after it was completed, king Sejong was not satisfied with the performance to Tang's code. Three months after Korean Yongbiouchonga was completed in February of 1447, he listened it performed to Korean and Tang musical codes and decided to use it for public and private banquets. In December of 1449( in the 31th reign year of King Sejong), the king made it overnight with a stick tapping on the ground. (上邃曉音律. 新樂節奏. 皆上所制. 以柱杖. 擊地爲節. 一夕乃定). Music of <Bongraeoui>(鳳來儀) instituted at this time was inherited to volumes 140-145 of 『Sejong-Janghun- Daewang-Silrok』. The <Bongraeoui> consists of as follows: Jeoninja(前引子)․Jinguho(進口號)․Yeominrak(與民樂)․Chihwapyong(致和平)․Chipunghyung(醉豊亨)․Hwoinja(後引子)․Toiguho(退口號). It was recorded in Moo-Bo of Siyonghynagakjungjae <Bongraeoui>, volume 5 of <Akhakgwebum>, but unfortunately, it is considered as music of the past.

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