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Long and Short Vowels in the Basic Chinese Characters for Secondary Education of Pyongchukja in『Baekryonchohae』

  • The Studies in Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Abbr : Korean Poetry and Culture
  • 2016, (38), pp.141-160
  • Publisher : The Society of Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

KimYoungkook 1

1조선대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Kim In-Whoo (1510-1560), a civil service minister and scholar of the early Joseon Dynasty, compiled 99 Korean and Chinese poems which were selected from quatrain with 5 words to each line, free verse with 7 words to each line, quatrain with 7 words to each line and 4 stanza with 7 words to each line into『Baekryonchohae』along with Korean translation which was used to teach Chinese poetry. Although Pilamseowonbon, Dongkyungdaebon and Parkeunyongbon, good representative books, had different collection orders and Pilamseowonbon does not contain stanza No. 100, they are the same books. With regard to the sources, 6 poems were from Goryeo, 3 from Joseon, 3 from Sheng Tang, 3 from Zhong Tang, 6 from Wan Tang, 10 from Song, 1 from Yuan and 1 from Ming. Three stanzas were from Du Fu and Bai Juyi respectively. This book was compiled according to how to write poetry, not according to how good the poems were. As『Baekryonchohae』was a textbook for Recent poetry, its important aim was to teach balance in Pyongcheuk and Rhyming, and antithesis. For that aim, this book was composed of training examples on how to write Chinese poetry through compatibility between verses with 5 words to each line and verses with 7. 535 Chinese characters were used in『Baekryonchohae』and 1239 characters, or 88.5% of Chinese characters used, were easily accessible for education. In『Baekryonchohae』, the correlation between Pyungja, which are short vowels in the 1800 characters for Education, and Cheukja, which were long vowels, was 87.8%. If students are able to differentiate the long from the short vowels in learning the 1800 characters for education, they could understand Pyungchukja in『Baekryonchohae』easily.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.