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Consideration on the special ritual Hoobangyeon(回榜宴) experienced by Song Soon

  • The Studies in Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Abbr : Korean Poetry and Culture
  • 2020, (46), pp.121-146
  • Publisher : The Society of Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : July 31, 2020
  • Accepted : August 22, 2020
  • Published : August 31, 2020

Park, Jong-O 1

1전남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The Hoebangyeon is a ceremony to be held on the 60th anniversary of passing the State Examination. In the Joseon Dynasty, State examination had to pass in order to maintain status or to advance. But, passing the State Examinationsms was not an easy task. Hoobangyeon was the highest honor that only a long life government official could experience. The records related to Hoobang of Joseon Dynasty are the earliest data about Myeonangjeong Song Soon. Song Soon welcomes Hoobang in 1579. The family gives Hoobangyeon at Myeonangjeong. This Hoobangyeon is attended by former and current bureaucrats from Jeolla-do. The beautiful images of disciples and acquaintances carrying a sedan chair and carrying Song Soon are made. In a strict status society, teachers and disciples hang out together without being tied to status. This appearance is said to later generations. Hoobang was institutionalized in the Jeong jo era. In particular, raising a special grade to a person who received a Hoobang was formally implemented. The man who was hit by Hoobang went to the palace. The king lowered eosahwa and issued hoebanghongpae(or hoebangbaegpae). In addition, we prepared and delivered the cost of Hoobangyeon. Like this, Hoebang (Yeon) was celebrated as a personal and family event in the early Joseon period, and later, it was institutionalized as a national event. For the old, 60 years of the sexagenary cycle has a special meaning. Therefore, hoegab(回甲, 60th birthday) or hoehon(回婚, 60th wedding anniversary) is a special anniversary. Folklore that was practiced in yangban classes is also done in other classes. There are also folklore that only practiced yangban classes. Hoobang is different from the “hoegab” or “hoehon” that ordinary people can experience if they live long. After passing the State Examination, you become a bureaucrat and only a small number of people with long life can enjoy it. For this reason, Hoobang (yeon) is a special Yangban folklore that only a few people could experience.

Citation status

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