본문 바로가기
  • Home

Interpretive Issues for the Study of the Book of Proverbs

Samuel Cheon 1

1한남대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to deal with recent interpretive issues for studying the Book of Proverbs. To do so, it critically reviews its recent scholarly issues which have been discussed for the last 40 years, including the literary structural unity, the origin and concept of wisdom, the social context, and the theological trend. These interpretive problems of the Book of Proverbs are very closely related with the scholarly issues of the wisdom literature in the Old Testament, because the book is located in the center of the latter. Accordingly, these two areas' research issues are often overlapped, including the following questions: What is the origin of the ancient Israelite wisdom? Was there a school or school system in the period of ancient Israelite kingdom? What is the identity of the wise who produced wisdom literature in ancient Israel? What is the relationship between the Israelite wisdom movement and Yahwism? This study does not only present major scholars' views of each issue and its related problems with its criticism, but also a direction for its further study. What is the literary unity of the Book of Proverbs consisting of diverse sources? What is the social context of the ancient sources in the book? What is its social element reflected in its final redactional step? What is the theological trend reflected in the book? How different is its theology from the principle of retribution? What is the theological unity between the book and other Old Testament texts? These questions are not only to understand the Book of Proverbs diachronically and synchronically, but also to present the Old Testament theology as a whole, including the wisdom literature. In short, this study will contribute to understand the present situation of the study in the Book of Proverbs and a direction of its further investigation.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.