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A Study of the Patriarchal Narrative through the Biographical Analysis

Lee, You-Mee 1

1연세대학교 신학과

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to find a form that the patriarchal narrative is constituted and to suggest a new interpretation through the synchronic approach. First of all, it attempts finding a common structure in the descriptive style of the patriarchal narrative. The common structure is, chronologically framed, introduction(the appearance), climax(the achievement) and conclusion(the death). It is the biography that narrates the life of the individual in the basic chronological framework. This structure is also attested in the biographies of ancient Persia and Greek. Suggesting the example of life from the patriarchs' stories, the single author, who used a common narrative style in his work, answered to the theological questions which were needed in his time. The model of life and the theology which the patriarchal narrative speaks for are as follows: First, the patriarchal narrative reflects the post-exilic period in which the personal piety was religiously emphasized. Second, the purpose of the narrative is not to inform the Israelite origin but to give the answer the contemporaries about their theological questions. So, through the patriarchal biography, the author speaks about the coexistent life with foreigners and the life as diaspora. Third, the patriarchal narrative speaks for the universalism in the Persian period. In sum, the patriarchal narrative is a biographical composition by an author. And it was written in the Persian period that the personal piety was prevalent. The personal piety was required to the Palestinian Jews who coexisted with foreigners and the diaspora in the Persian period. The patriarchal narrative represents the Jewish life in the Persian period.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.