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Understanding of the Gentiles in the Chronicler's Historical Books

So Hyeong-Geun 1

1남서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to understand the gentiles in the Chronicler's Historical Books. Compared to the previous era, members of the Judaean community in the postexilic period lived in the global period. Most of them experienced not only the Babylonian period, but also the Persian, therefore it is obvious that they were generous to gentiles. But on the contrary, they expressed hostility toward the gentiles in order to protect the identity of the Judaean community. In this paper the meaning of the hebrew words(‘ger’, ‘toshab’, ‘zar’, ‘nokri’[or ‘nekar’]), which were mentioned on the Chronicles and Ezra-Nehemiah in relation to the gentiles, are studied. As a result of the study, it is proved that the hebrew words ‘ger’, ‘toshab’, and ‘nokri’ were used in the Chronicles Books, but only 'nokri'(or 'nekar') in Ezra-Nehemiah. The understanding of the gentiles in the Chronicles remains consistent. All gentiles (‘ger’, ‘toshab’, ‘nokri’), who were living in the area of Judah, could be united with the israelite people according to the perspective of the Chronicler. The author of the Chronicles opened the way that all gentiles live in the land of Juda under the ideal of ‘all Israel’. In contrast, the gentile in Ezra-Nehemiah, who observed the Torah, were guaranteed to participate in the Passover festival; they were so called ‘ger’. However, the families of the ‘nokri’(or ‘nekar’), who did not obey the Torah and the law of Sabbath, had to be dissolved. It was because they were regarded as those who threatened the holy community of Judah. This paper argues that all gentiles in Ezra-Nehemiah were not rejected from the community of Judah, since the gentile ‘ger’ were accepted as members of the community. On the other hand, ‘nokri’(or ‘nekar’) were the target of the reform for Ezra and Nehemiah.

Citation status

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