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A Study on the Triadic Structure of the MT of the Book of the Twelve and the Literary and Theological Function of the Book of Jonah within it

Cheol-Woo Park 1

1나사렛대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

I have made Barry Alan Jones' recent important thesis as my point of departure for the issue of the composition and unity of the Book of the Twelve. I am at one with him in his conclusion that the Book of Jonah functions as the concluding book not only in 4QXIIa the Book of the Twelve but also in the first half of that of Septuagint. But I disagree with his contention that the placement of the Book of Jonah within the MT is almost accidental. I tried to correct it on the basis of my understanding of the structural particularity of the MT of the Book of the Twelve and demonstrate the opposite view that it functions as a concluding book in the structure of the MT of the Book of the Twelve. I tried to show that the corpus of the MT of the Book of the Twelve has the triadic structure of three blocks interconnected with each other developing theological contents, and that the book of Jonah functions as the concluding book in the first block(Hosea-Joel-Amos-Obadiah-Jonah) of the triadic corpus, preparing the next two blocks beginning with the book of Micah. These observations show, differing from Barry Alan Jones’ view, that the insertion of the Book of Jonah, in addition to the historical reason that Jonah was a person earlier than Micah(2Kgs 14:25), was made on the basis of the very careful theological and literary consideration. Therefore, this structural understanding should be borne in mind in dealing with the composition, unity and theology of the MT of the Book of the Twelve.

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