본문 바로가기
  • Home

A Study of jP'v.mi in the Book of Habakkuk

Kim, Rae Yong 1

1협성대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper deals with characteristics and functions of mishpat used as the key word for both Habakkuk's questions and the Lord's answers in the book of Habakkuk. For this, I will investigate languages and structures of each section including mishpat in the book of Habakkuk. Hebrew word mishpat is used as several meanings in the book of Habakkuk. It is used as the meaning of ‘justice’ in the initial complaint of Habakkuk(1:2-4), as the meaning of ‘Chaldeans' order/law’ in the Lord's answer(1:5-11), and as a meaning of ‘judgement’ in the second complaint of Habakkuk(1:12-17). As mishpat in the book of Habakkuk is used as different meanings in each section and as a useful word describing each section appropriately, it plays a role as an important word describing Habakkuk's messages gradually and dramatically. In this regard, mishpat serves as a very special word in the book of Habakkuk. In addition, mishpat is used as a standard to distinguish between the wicked and the righteous. Habakkuk 1:4 says, “The wicked surround the righteous.” Here the wicked indicates King Jehoiakim and his followers who have abandoned the righteous order/mishpat intended by the Lord for their society. Habakkuk 1:13 says, “The wicked swallow those more righteous than they.” Here the wicked indicates the Chaldeans who are foreigner and more idolatrous and more evil. They are those who controled and destroyed Judean society not with the Lord's mishpat but with their mishpat. Meanwhile, the righteous in Habakkuk 2:4 as well as in 1:4 and 1:13 indicate those who follow the Lord's mishpat and torah. They are identified with ‘the Lord's people’ and ‘the Lord's anointed one’ in Habakkuk 3:13. In this regard, it is likely that the book of Habakkuk emphasizes Hebrew word mishpat more than the other books of the Old Testament.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.