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Elijah’s Flee to Mount Horeb and God’s Revelation

Han, Dong-Gu 1

1평택대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The present article aims to find a theological meaning of Elijah’s flee to Mount Horeb, written in 1 Kings 19:1-18. As the story is followed by God’s revelation to him, it therefore also examines what is reveled and what theological significance it bears. The contents of God’s revelation at Horeb are consisted of various elements inconsistent. God’s revelations given to Israel at the various historical settings are all condensed in Elijah’s experience of meeting God; ultimately all are put under “Elijah’s experience of God and His revelation”. Thus it makes the interpretation of Elijah’s incident matter. The present study, first of all, observes the literary characteristics of the text in question, and reconstructs the history of its development. What revelations are meant in each stage of the development is sought after; particularly the “gentle whisper”(1King 19:12b), the supposed core of the revelations, is read to find its theological significance. Methodologically it was done by examining the history of its transmission and traditions. The “gentle whisper” was heard in the voice of various social groups in the post-exilic periods, and it is one of major parts in the study of pneumatology and spirituality of the Old Testament. With it, the priests were seeking (the interest of their own class and) Israel’s ideal, the prophets the ideal of the world (the light to the nations) and history (the new heaven and earth) by means of their sacrifice, and the wisdom theologians synthesisofboth.

Citation status

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