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The Study of the Function and Meaning of False Vision in the Book of Ezekiel

Dong-Young Yoon 1

1서울장신대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The present study deals with the function and meaning of false vision in the Book of Ezekiel. The Book of Ezekiel describes Ezekiel as performing prophetic role among exiles in Babylonia. The multi cultural and polytheistic Babylonian environment gave Ezekiel new prophetic challenge, because the Israelites exiles were being rapidly assimilated with Babylonian culture and religion. So some male prophets even in the tragic exile claimed that they saw the vision of peace, whereas the peace did not exist. In addition, some female announced prophesy out of their own imagination. They sew magic charms on all their wrists and made veils of various lengths for their heads to deceive the people. Ezekiel criticized their false prophecy by using various vocabularies, comparing them with false divination, and emphasizing uselessness of their visions. However, Ezekiel’s prophetic authority was not completely conceded among exiles, because his prophetic channels such as dreams and visions could not simply discerned from hallucination. In fact, some Babylonian diviners also adopted dreams and visions in ecstatic state to receive divine will. So Ezekiel was required to prove the authority and authenticity of his visions. He employs a unique phrase “aw>v" !Azx]”(hazon shav) in order to support the authority of visions that he saw. For Ezekiel the phrase “aw>v" !Azx]” was the tool for arguing with false prophecy and pointing out the fallacies of new prophetic movement led by female prophets, while depending the authority of his prophecy.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.