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The Jubilee Community and Korea: Slave Emancipation, Debt Relief, and Land Reform

정중호 1

1계명대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Discussions regarding the Jubilee have constantly evoked doubts as to its feasibility. With this in mind, I analyse the Jubilee in terms of slave emancipation, debt relief, and land reform, with special focus on the case of Korea. In conclusion, I propose a new direction for building a Korean Jubilee community Regarding the case of slave emancipation, I analyse emancipations by King Wanggun, King Gwangjong, and Sung-ge Lee and find out that they emancipated debt slaves. Although the system of slavery has long been abolished, our society still faces the problem of people struggling with debt and a poor working environment. I suggest a resolution based on the manumission laws of the Old Testament. Concerning debt relief, I study the cases of King Munmu of the ancient Shilla dynasty and Jeongtoe(停退) in the Hwangok system. I find out that the debt relief law of the Old Testament is still operable and can be used to create a healthy community. Regarding land reform, I analyse the Gwazeonze(科田制) of Sungge Lee and the land reform after the Korean liberation. I conclude that the Jubilee system is a key to establishing a fundamental life value and to restoring health of an entire community, including the poor as well as the middle class. T he Jubilee was not a temporary solution for the poorest, but it recurred periodically and reformed the basic economic structure of the entire community. The Jubilee opens a way to life for the community and avoids its being destroyed. The Jubilee community is a community of God initiated by Him, with the land obeying and awaiting the choice of humans. And further, the community can also be connected to the kingdom of God. As participants in the kingdom of God we should be involved in the construction of the Jubilee community, and share, most importantly of all, a firm belief that the Jubilee can be carried out.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.