본문 바로가기
  • Home

A Study on the Controversy over the Causes of Economic Polarization Reflected In the Conversation of Job and His Friends

hangeuncho 1

1구세군사관대학원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This Study aims to demonstrate the influence economic polarization caused controversy appeared in postexilic time in the book of Job. In this paper, I investigated economic polarization in the postexilic time reflected in the conversation of friends and Job. The Book of Job describe about the poor social position and situation in peculiar historical context in the postexilic period. For the purpose of the study, I used sociological criticism as a tool interpreting the text. The Book of Job describes the nine kinds of underprivileged has occurred as a result of economic polarization. If this analysis is the use of terms such as the !Ayb.a,('ebhyôn/ poor), ynI['('ānî/ needy) and lD;(dal/ helpless) came to mean the poor as a whole. And in the Book of Job It's classified hn"m'l.a;(almānāh/ widows), ~Aty"(yāṯôm/ orphans), db,[,('āḇaḏ/ slave), hm'a'('āmâ/ female salve), rGE(gēr/ Alien), rykif'(s̍āḵîr/ day-laborer) by type of economic disadvantaged. Especially, the Book of Job shows how the ethical imperative for the poor was not adapted in postexilic society. Accordingly I have found demonstrated considerable different of view between Job and Job's friends conversation the with the regarding the attitudes for the weak and the poor. Job's friends diagnose economic polarization that was at the time it did not socially practice of the traditional Hebrew laws. So they are a logical Theory that is God punish the greed and exploitation of the nobility can not achieve social justice. They did not understand the real problems of the poor. Historically, in the postexilic period, the Judah society showed a great economic and societal gap between the poor people and nobles of vested interests. Job has also strongly criticized this social phenomenon. At the postexilic period, Judah was needed social reform in deepening of economic polarization. But Job was accepted as a practical problem for the survival of the poor economic polarization problem. And he has presented the social reformist elements for the people who descends into poverty due to economic exploitation. The Book of Job demonstrated how Job, the righteous noble, had diligently helped the poor. In fact, Job of reform practical show the authentic meaning of the protection for the poor.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.