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The Greek Exodus Traditions and Their Historical Settings

Seong Kim 1

1협성대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this thesis is to gure out “the eisodos-exodus motifs” from the available Greek myths and to examine their historical settings. Egypt, with abundant food yielded by a large scaled agriculture due to the Nile, has attracted many poor peoples of its neighbour countries. Thus many ethnic groups entered into and after a while came out of it. This kind of movements, as like as Joseph’s entry and Moses’ exit, creates a general eiso-exodus tradition. The entry into Egypt by of Io, the princess from Argos, and the escape of her descendants are appropriate into this category. Historical background of the Greek eiso-exodus traditions can be summarized to the contemporary circumstances of the three phases as follows. Mycenaean trade relation with Egypt in the 16th Century B.C.E., migrations of the Sea peoples in the 13th-12th Centuries B.C.E., and the foundation of Naukratis in the Delta as a Greek emporium in the 7th Century B.C.E. Among these the case of the Sea Peoples has been the most reasonable prototype for the Greek eiso-exodus traditions. Hecataois of Abdera asserted that the emigrants from Egypt founded towns in Judah, Greece, Babylonia, and Colchis et. cet. This tendency was formulated by the 3rd Century Alexandrian historiography in terms of national propaganda which emphasizes that main world civilizations were originated from Egypt.

Citation status

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