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A Study on the Hebrew peḥāh in the Old Testament and the Epigraphic Materials

So Hyeong-Geun 1

1남서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Governor is, according to Korean lexicon, a head of the colonial administration and a position that governs all administrations of province. In other words, this word presupposes the historical background of colonization, and it means a chief who is appointed in the province. The purpose of this study is to understand the use of Hebrew peḥāh in the Old Testament and the epigraphic materials. Generally Hebrew peḥāh derived from the Assyrian Province-System, and the deuteronomistic Historian accepted the concept of Hebrew peḥāh firstly in the Old Testament, and the Israelites in the exilic period realized Hebrew peḥāh by the experience of the exile, for example by the prophet Jeremiah and Ezekiel etc. Furthermore the meaning of Hebrew peḥāh indicated not only the Governor of the province, but also the chief officer of the region under the province. The region of Jehud began with an independent province in the period of Nehemiah, and the role of Nehemiah was authorized as Governor again (Neh 2:6; cf. Neh 5:14). There were many Governors according to the epigraphic materials, for example, Bagohi, Jechezkia, Jehoezer, Ahzai, Elnatan, Hanana or Hanuna, Malkiu, Uriu, and YʾZN(?) BR YŠB in the province of Jehud, and Sanballat, his two sons Delaja and Shelemja, [?]YHW) and Hananja in the province of Samaria.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.