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David's Political and Religious Measures for Social Integration of Israel

  • Korean Journal of Old Testament Studies
  • Abbr : KJOTS
  • 2017, 23(4), pp.324-353
  • DOI : 10.24333/jkots.2017.23.4.324
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Old Testament Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Christian Theology
  • Received : September 18, 2017
  • Accepted : October 30, 2017

Lee Hee Hak 1

1목원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

David chose the new city Jerusalem, which stood outside of Israel’ s tradition, in order to minimize any religious interference from the Yahwistic group. He unified and integrated the Canaanite religious tradition into the Israelite religious tradition in that he brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem to value the Israelite religious tradition and that he appointed Zadok the Jebusite and Abiathar to be high priests. David’s efforts for political and religious integration were not successful because the followers of the traditional Yahwism of Israel understood his attempt to mix their traditional religious practices with idolatry against YHWH. Fundamentally, unifying two different religions, which have different characters and natures, was not an easy process and thus David’s effort was viewed by traditional Yahwists as assimilation to Canaanite religious practices. The potential tension in the united kingdom of David was an ominous sign for the kingdom’ s future, and finally it became a decisive reason that the kingdom was separated in many ways after Solomon’s death. The problems and limitations of David’s political and religious actions to unify Israel’s society may be viewed as a strong warning to South Korea, which is becoming a more multi-cultural society. If David had advocated multi-culturalism, which valued diversity and coexistence instead of the forceful integration of neighboring countries based on his strong military force, which brought assimilation of Canaanite religious practices, would Israel’s history go on a peaceful way?

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