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Affinity of the resistance of the Hebrew midwives and “the words of psalm” - From the viewpoint of Intertextuality: Ex 1:15-22 and Ps 34-

  • Korean Journal of Old Testament Studies
  • Abbr : KJOTS
  • 2017, 23(4), pp.42-73
  • DOI : 10.24333/jkots.2017.23.4.42
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Old Testament Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Christian Theology
  • Received : September 30, 2017
  • Accepted : October 30, 2017

Lee Il Rye 1

1서울신학대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Exodus 1: 15-22, can be dialogically intertwined with Psalm 34 through intertextuality. Through the dialogue between the two texts we can recognize the deep shadow of hardship due to their protest against the pharaoh and hear the words of the Hebrew midwives’ agony. The “language of Psalms” in Psalm 34 are their language of fear and suffering caused by the pharaoh’s order to kill all male children. Psalm 34 can be a window, through which the Hebrew midwives can lament before God, and also a door for liberation and freedom from their hardship and fear. The suffering Hebrew Midwives due to the pharaoh’s killing order remember God, who hears their outcry and delivers them from hardships, and protest against the violence of the pharaoh. Through the discernment into their suffering, the Hebrew midwives overcome and change the fear of the pharaoh into the fear of God (Exod 1:17). The power of the Hebrew midwives’ protest comes from their fear of god. The protest which is expedited by the Hebrew midwives establishes itself as an empirical paradigm that can brake the violence of the pharaoh, so that they propose the fear of God as the way to end the violence of the pharaoh. In the beginning of Israel’s great long march of the Exodus, the fear of God works as the crucial factor for the liberation from hardships. At the same time it is the very beginning of the identity of the Israelite people.

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.