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The Relation between the Old Testament and the New Testament: Focusing on the Book of Daniel Cited in the Book of Revelation

  • Korean Journal of Old Testament Studies
  • Abbr : KJOTS
  • 2018, 24(4), pp.12-38
  • DOI : 10.24333/jkots.2018.24.4.12
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Old Testament Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Christian Theology
  • Received : September 27, 2018
  • Accepted : November 10, 2018

Chong Hun Pae 1

1장로회 신학대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study explores the relation between the Old Testament and the New Testament. There are both continuity and discontinuity between the Old Testament and the New Testament. Understanding itself as the fulfillment of the Old Testament, the New Testament regards Jewishness as its crucial root. Furthermore, the New Testament focuses on its continuity with the Old Testament, overcoming any attempt of the Marcionism to separate itself from the Old Testament. Even though Christianity came from the Old Testament, it differentiates itself from other sects coming from different interpretations of the Old Testament. Rabbinic Judaism and Christianity came to be different religions, based on different interpretation of the Old Testament (or the Hebrew Bible). Christianity interprets the Old Testament in the presupposition of the unity between the Old Testament and the New Testament. Unlike New Perspective on Paul, Christianity has been formed with its struggle against Jewish legalism. Christianity, without abandoning its identity, should have its dialogue with Rabbinic Judaism. There are three methods in the study about the relation between the Old Testament and the New Testament: the Old Testament solution, the New Testament solution, and the biblical solution. The Biblical solution, based on the unity between the Old Testament and the New testament, interpret the Old Testament in light of the event of Jesus Christ. Examining the Book of Daniel cited in the Book of Revelation, there is a tension between the authority of the Old Testament and new revelation in the New Testament. The Book of Revelation proclaimed the end is coming according to the fulfillment of Daniel's prophecy. However, in fact, the description of the end in the Book of Revelation, is beyond Daniel's prophecy, since new prophecy is revealed in light of Jesus Christ. Namely, the fulfillment of Daniel's prophecy is in tension with new revelation based in Jesus Christ.

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