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A Study on the Theological Flow of the Early ‘golah’ Community in Post-Exilic Period

  • Korean Journal of Old Testament Studies
  • Abbr : KJOTS
  • 2022, 28(3), pp.129-153
  • DOI : 10.24333/jkots.2022.28.3.129
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Old Testament Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Christian Theology
  • Received : June 27, 2022
  • Accepted : August 16, 2022

So Hyeong-Geun 1

1서울신학대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the situation and theological flow of the early ‘golah’ community in post-exilic period. Sheshbazzar was the center of the first ‘golah’ group that retured from Babylon to Jerusalem in Judah through the edict of Cyrus, and the second ‘golah’ group was a return group centered on Zerubbabel. It was revealed that Sheshbazzar and Zerubbabel could not be the same person, and neither Sheshbazzar nor Shenazzar(1 Chr 3;18) could be the same person. As a reseult, the retrunees from Babylon were at least four groups, centered around Sheshbazzar, Zerubbabel, Esra and Nehemiah. Those returning from Babylon enjoyed by nature considerable economic benefits through a feudal association called ‘hatru’ in the Babylonian region, and it is true that there were high expectations for the restoration of the Davidic dynasty through Sheshbazzar and Zerubbabel in the early days after the captivity. Namely, it is informed through the title of ‘nasi’ by Sheshbazzar and through the status of Zerubbabel in Haggai and Zechariah(Hag 2:23; Zech 6;13). However, as Zerubbabel did not finish the construction of the second Temple and disappeared, the genealogy of Zerubbabel in 1 Chr 3 also became unclear, and the lineage of David ends with the grandson of Zerubbabel(1 Chr 3:21). With Zerubbabel’s lineage cut off, the community of ‘golah’ could no longer have expectations for the restoration of the dynasty of David, and now it has made a ideological transition to theocracy, which must expect God’ reign, not to the human king. Afterwards, the ‘golah’ community faced a ideological change in seeking the kingdom of God. Thus ends the early period after the Babylonian captivity.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.