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The Reasons Why David Could Not Build a Temple of Yahweh

  • Korean Journal of Old Testament Studies
  • Abbr : KJOTS
  • 2022, 28(3), pp.304-338
  • DOI : 10.24333/jkots.2022.28.3.304
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Old Testament Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Christian Theology
  • Received : July 23, 2022
  • Accepted : August 24, 2022

Ha Kyungji 1

1한국외대

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The present paper is to research the reasons why David could not build a temple of Yahweh. The majority of scholars have said that it was because he poured too much blood in battles based on Chronicles 22 and 28. However, there is a scholarly debate whether the Chronicler, who typically prefers David, really supported this opposition. The present researcher maintains that the Chronicler uses the expression ‘shedding much blood’ to depict David as a man of war without pointing out his moral or ethical issues. To prove my argument, I will investigate passages having the expression ‘shedding blood’ and then discuss the concepts and thoughts of war (also known as ‘Holy War’) in the Old Testament. Then, I will introduce related passages to figure out some features of the two histories’ messages (Deuteronomistic perspective vs. Chronicler’s perspective). According to my research, there is no occurrence of the expression ‘shedding blood’ in the context of battle outside Chronicles. Yet, with regard to the battle in the Old Testament, the wars are Holy War, which was initiated and managed by Yahweh, not by human beings. In this view, David participated in Yahweh’s battles. It is noteworthy that even the Deuteronomistic perspective, which mentions David’s negative aspects without hesitation, does not deal with his failure of the temple building plan in a negative way. Rather, it was impossible for him to build a temple because he was engaged in Yahweh’s wars. Chronicles portrays David as a ‘man of war’. This expression is to compliment David who was faithful to Yahweh by participating the Holy War throughout his entire life.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.