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An Analysis of Judges 4-5 on the Basis of Mikhail Bakhtin’s Dialogism

INCHOL YANG 1

1장로회신학대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzed Judges 4-5 based on Mikhail Bakhtin’s Dialogism. While analyzing François Rabelais's novel, Bakhtin found “the Upside-Down” and “Word play” in the carnival festival. He applied those concepts to understand Dostoevsky's novels. Bakhtin’s Dialogism includes “Polyphony,” “Heteroglossia,” “Double voice,” and “Unfinalized.” Rather than attempting to analyze Judges 4-5 with diachronic methods, this paper attempted to discover the “Polyphony” provided by the final text of Judges 4-5. Although the final editor (Deuteronomist) offers two different voices for Deborah and Yael against the commander of the Canaanite army, Sisera, he broadens the reader's understanding of God and humans, especially women. In Judges 4-5, God is understood as a cosmic God in the war for the Israelites beyond their boundaries. In Judges 4-5, beyond men who were trapped in patriarchal worldviews, women led the war to victory with superior leadership and determination. In particular, chapter 5 shows that women are no longer sex slaves in the war. They allow the reader to experience a new worldview beyond the patriarchal worldview.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.