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True and False Prophets Left in the Written Records - Socio-Historical and Literary-Historical Approaches to the Evaluation of the Prophet

Minsu Oh 1

1대신대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Deuteronomy 18:15-22 does not discuss the qualifications of a prophet as an official of the kingdom, but rather focuses on God responding to Israel’s demands and the attitude of the people waiting for the fulfillment of God’s word. True prophecies and false prophecies are clearly identified when they are implemented in the name of a foreign god, and in the case of Yahweh's prophets, the people of the time are asked to wait until the end until the event is fulfilled. After all, Yahweh will surely - in every place and at every age (ubi et quando necesse est) - raise up prophets like Moses, and prophecies delivered in Yahweh's name, with the authority of words like Yahweh himself (Deut 18:19) indicates that there is validity. Also, it is expected that the prophet’s behavior is not like Moses’ (character), and he who behaves presumptuously (Deut 18:20) at least acts in the name of Yahweh, but may be a false prophecy. God, who speaks the name of Yahweh, but fakes what is in his heart and prophesies arrogantly, God, who governs history, must deal it with times and severely - You shall not speak the name of Yahweh your God in vain. Yahweh does not leave unpunished those who speak his name in vain! (Deut. 5:11). On the other hand, the words of true prophecy not only have the ability to create history, but also have to wait until the end because they are gradually fulfilled. However, any prophecy that has been announced is kept by a group of awakened disciples in the form of a small document or oral tradition, and later, if the prophesied event is historically fulfilled, it is documented and Yahweh living as a testament to future generations. to be read in words. To the recipients of the time, the authenticity of the prophecy would have been seen as an internal dispute or conflict within the prophecy. The Masoretic text penetrates the integrative aspect (synthetische Lebensauffassung) of complex life, and instead of false prophets, people who deliver false information or deceptive messages (knowing the facts, but with another personal purpose) are the concept word, ‘sheker’. The term is used. There are no false prophets, only ‘false men’ who prophesy falsely. The term false prophet (pseudoprophetes) was first introduced in a translation of the LXX around the 1st century BC.

Citation status

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