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How to establish and operate local government police in Korea.

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2005, 15(4), pp.-
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

Yang, Young Chul 1

1제주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Regardless of local government, National Police has monopolized the public security as the actual law enforcement authority in Korea since the Liberation. However, there are more demerits than merits for the national security which is monopolized by the National Police. Especially, there are big problems in correspondence and democracy of National Police, resulted from local government excluding both the responsibility and the right for security of the region without any control of its residents. Many generations of the government had tried to execute the system of local government police but it was not successful under self-interested departments and divisions. Roh Moo-hyun government has promoting the execution of local government police as the main policy. On September 16th of 2004, the government measure was confirmed after many meetings with the parties concerned. It has entered the new phase of executing local government police for the first time in its history. Local government police will be starting by focusing on the basic local government. The main affairs are local traffic service, basic crime prevention for safety and consolidation of law enforcement for each department. The police officers will enter local public service and the cooperation with national police will be carried out by secondary local government(shi, do)security administration committee. National police, local residents and local government will participate together to operate and evaluate local government police, drawing up a plan for exemplary local community police. It will be first pretested from October, 2005 for a year and will be executed in full-scale from the second half of 2006 after problems complemented.

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