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An Empirical Analysis on the Changes in the Government Size and Functions of Korea after Globalization

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2007, 18(1), pp.1-26
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

HA TAE SOO 1

1경기대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study empirically analyzes the changes in the government size and functions of Korea after globalization. Concerning this topic three strands of universal theory have been advanced. The first one is the 'neo-liberalism' theory that envisages the overall government size will decrease. The second is the 'neo-Marxism' theory that posits repression and social welfare functions will increase and thus the overall government size will not decrease. The third one is the 'social democracy' theory that presupposes the function of industry promotion will decrease but the functions of education, R&D, and SOC will increase, thus the overall government size will not decrease. Analyses show that any single universal theory does not satisfactorily explain the changes in the government size and functions in Korea. The neo-Liberalism theory is far from the facts. The neo-Marxism and social democracy theories are only partly valid. These results imply that in Korea, the forefront of the previous Cold War, its particular institutional characters such as the trend of the defense cost and the path dependence of government-driven economic growth should be significant explanatory factors for the changes in the government size and functions.

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