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An Actualization Of The Watershed Management Community Via TPLM

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2008, 18(4), pp.91-114
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

Hyung ki Ahn 1 정희성 2

1건국대학교
2한국환경정책평가연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The landmark project of establishing water management measures for Han River initiated the transformation of water quality management policy into a 'watershed management system'. It is called to be 'total water pollution load management(TPLM) system. The TPLM management system forces local administrations to keep a balance between environmental conservation and development. Its specific measures are such as designation of riparian buffer zones, land purchase of water source areas, application of user-pays principle, and raising funds for water-shed management, and so on. Those factors were coalesced into 'the Act on Watershed Management and Community Support' that was enacted for each of the rivers between 1999 and 2002. By setting a target water quality, the TPLM management system is believed to help reach the sustainable management of water resources. This study examines institutional and technological aspects of TPLM, finding that the voluntary partnerships among various watershed parties will ensure coexistence and prosperity for both upstream and downstream areas. It is a nontrivial lesson because it is deeply associated with the successful accomplishment of the sustainable balanced national development. The success of the watershed management system depends on the residents' active participation and co-operation. For this objective our government should develop programs which provides people a sense of ownership for their watershed(i.e., promoting a sense watershed community)

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