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Taking 'Control Variables" Seriously in Corruption Research: Estimating the effects of respondents' socioeconomic characteristics and policy evaluation on their general perceptions of corruption.

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2011, 21(4), pp.347-375
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

Kim, Junseok 1 Jinman Cho 2 EOM,KI HONG 3

1동국대학교
2인하대학교
3경북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Corruption perceptions measures that are based on public opinion survey with sophisticated sampling methods, have been widely used in field of corruption studies over decades as proxies for the state of corruption. Past research however has failed to distinguish the difference between the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist in public mind and the degree of corruption in a society. Further they tended to underestimate the importance of response variations about corruption perceptions in survey research with the political, economic, and institutional environment controlled. What makes survey respondents perceive the same state of corruption differently and can we find any patterns of their perception in terms of socio-economic characteristics? This article improves our understanding of these questions by exploring factors upon the degree to which corruption is perceived to each respondent. This article construct an empirical model to test the effects of respondents' socio-economic characteristics and corruption perception about specific policy arena on the general perception of corruption in a society. Using a couple of corruption surveys in 2004 and 2006 and a ordered logistic regression method, this article finds that a respondent's age, job, education, income factors influence how his general perception of corruption is shaped. The younger a respondent is, she is more likely to evaluate the state of corruption negatively. Those who are rich tend to be more insensitive to the state of corruption. Also, a respondent's evaluation on tax and civil engineering and construction administration influence have strong impact on the degree to which corruption is perceived to him while the effects of those on police, education, and court are rather minimal.

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