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Changes and Continuities in the European Capitals of Culture Program: Focusing on the Goal Ambiguity-Conflict Matrix

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2012, 23(1), pp.107-141
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

김인오 1 Koo, Min Gyo 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The European Capitals of Culture(ECoC) program clearly shows the opportunities and challenges for European integration. EU member countries have sought to maintain their autonomy while benefiting from the ECoC program. By way of contrast, the European Commission has stressed common European values which would serve as an essential building block for the formation of a European federal government. This lack of consensus on the goals of the ECoC has been the norm rather than the exception. Even aside from goal ambiguity, the ECoC program has been the site of varying degrees of conflict between the Commission and member countries. As the guardian of the Union’s Treaty, the Commission has pursued the extension of its power and legitimacy through the program at the expense of individual countries’ cultural autonomy. From the goal ambiguity-conflict matrix perspective, the ECoC program has demonstrated three different modes of policy implementation: (1) experimentalimplementation(1985-1992);(2)symbolicimplementation(1993-2004);and(3)administrativeimplementation(2005-2011).

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