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Ellipsis phenomena of copula "shi" in Mandarin Chinese

Seul-Ki Lee 1

1협성대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

We find that a lot of copula sentences in the spoken modern Chinese language environment, often exhibit no verbal 'NP1 + NP2' form. For example, "Wo shi shanghairen." So, 'NP1 + is + NP2' and 'NP1 + NP2' is one structure or two structure? In this paper, this problem is to departure. In this paper, the basic ideological foundation: the sentence is consisted of Subject and Predication (Chomsky); and nominal components can not serve as the predication of a sentence. Therefore, we believe that the two structures is actually one structure, we regard the one is the verb ellipsis form than the other. Firstly, We find that There are many similarities characters between the English copula "be" and the Chinese 'shi', We refer to the analysis of English copula sentences as a basis for re-analysis of modern Chinese 'shi' copula sentence's structure and classification. We regard Chinese copula 'shi' as a 'raising verb', the 'Small clause' as its complement. Moreover, we distribute the 'Copula sentences' into three classes, 'entity sentences', 'predicational sentences'and 'specificaitonal sentenses'. Secondly, we reanalyses Chinese predicative DP serving as a predicate in sentence, and analyses which components play a role in the ellipsis copula sentences. Finally, summarize the limit condition of the Chinese copula ellipsis phenomena.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.