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The Study On The Problem-Solving Of East Asia In The Late Years Of The Joseon Dynasty

Ko Nam-sik 1

1대진대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Jeungsan incarnated in Late Chosun and his recognition of reality of life in that times leaded him to spread relief thoughts for the people. To guard against the West and defend the eastern spirit Jeungsan claimed to defend the Asianism and declare a new East asia paradigm focused on Korea. Jeungsan regarded the three key to solve the problem among Korea-China-Japan relation as the principle of resolution of grievances(解寃) with return of grace(報恩), heavenly Tao(神道), thoughts of Feng Shui(風水地理) and tried to reconstruct a new East Asian order. Jeungsan declared many problems in human history is based on grudge which came from incompatibility(相克), and eternal religious ideal world could came only if after resolution of grievances(解寃) and return of grace(報恩) was accomplished. Two nation’s relation between Korea and China was reilluminated not from the point of power in terms of power countries or small but from the point of moral principle of history, so viewed from the side of resolution of grievances(解寃), China quit being colonized from Ching(淸) dynasty and achieve independence of recovery, and viewed from the side of return of grace (報恩), independent China change to return the grace of tribute Korea paid. Jeungsan announced that at that time of 19th century the existing Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism could not solve the problem which many country mutually and complictedly related, so needed a new Tao which has the nucleus extracted from Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism and something new attatched. Jeungsan called it heavenly Tao(神道), and heavenly Tao(神道) was invented by the principle every method melted and combined. Jeungsan informed that the god of pole ecliptic(皇極神) was needed to accomplish his goal of reordeing of the world and the god of pole ecliptic(皇極神) was located in China and needed to move to Chosun, that shows there is one god to one mission. The mission to upgrade Chosun to higher class country is also related with god to play the role. The logic that nation development is also related with some kind of god shows one aspect of Jeungsan’s heavenly Tao(神 道). Jeungsan revealed the hidden principles of Feng Shui(風水) that the deviation of Chi(氣) of locality all over the world leaded to global confrontation, and personally execute Cheonjigongsa(天地公事, Construction of heaven and earth) to extract and merge Chi(氣) of locality all over the world focused on Chosun. As the grudge of Danju, the son of King Yao(堯) in ancient period of China was resolved, Chosun came to face situations of ascending of national fortunes and that shows relativity with Cheonjigongsa(天地公事) according to Feng Shui(風水).

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.