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Educational Thought of Tao Xing Zhi Viewpoint on ‘I, here and now’

Kim, Dugsam 1 Lee, Kyungja 2

1대진대학교
2경상대학교

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ABSTRACT

In this paper, I tried to explore educational the thought of the Chinese educator Tao xingzhi(陶行知) by combining the viewpoint of the paradigm changes of Chinese education and the framework of ‘I, Here and Now’. The common point of educational incidents that changed the paradigm of education in the history is faithfulness to the inner demand voice from ‘I, Here and Now’. First of all, I studied the educational value of Tao xingzhi's thought from his individual life in the viewpoint of ‘I, Here and Now’. In the life of Tao xingzhi, his educational thought was extended from pre-school education to vocational high school education, from rural to urban, from farmers to factory workers, from children to adults, from popular enlightenment education to anti-war growth and democratic education. Tao xingzhi practised his educational thought focusing on demands from the viewpoint of ‘I, here and now’ rather than being fixed on the stable one point. In particular, it is because Tao xingzhi was faithful to the viewpoint of ‘I, here and now’ that he abandoned his wealth and honor, entering the rural areas, practicing and teaching directly while emphasizing the practice. Next, the educational value of Tao xingzhi’s philosophy was examined in connection with the framework of ‘I, here and now’. Tao xingzhi’s Life education he insisted is faithfulness to ‘I, here and now’ and extending ‘I, here and now’ to ‘You, There and Later’ to revive the true meaning of education. This leads to emphasis of the cohesion of teaching and learning(敎学合一). ‘Here and Now’ where we live and breathe are close to the concept of the life in Tao xingzhi stressed. Tao xingzhi insisted education needs to be focused on ‘I, here and now’, that is to say, the life itself. As stated above, the life and educational thought of Tao xingzhi shows the reasoning based on ‘I, here and now’ in all aspects. He tried to make the most appropriate choice based on the framework of ‘I, here and now’.

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