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Xiyuxingchengji and the West in the early Ming Dynasty

  • JOURNAL OF CHINESE STUDIES
  • 2019, (64), pp.57-98
  • DOI : 10.26585/chlab.2019..64.003
  • Publisher : CHINESE STUDIES INSTITUTE
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Received : April 30, 2019
  • Accepted : May 27, 2019
  • Published : June 30, 2019

SONG JUNGHWA 1

1이화여자대학교 중어중문학과

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Xiyuxingchengji is the travel journal of Chen Cheng who visited the West from the 11th to the 12th year of Emperor Yongle of the Ming Dynasty(1413~1414) and presented his journal to the emperor. It records the travel schedule of the delegations for 2 years by date, events, and itinerary. Emperor Hongwu of the Ming Dynasty aimed at driving out the power of Mongolian and building a powerful empire of the Hun. Emperor Yongle dreamed of the world where the foreign invaders of all directions brought tribute to China. Therefore he expanded the national territories and sent Zhenghe to Southeast Asia to announce the power and grace of the Emperor. However Ming could not rule the West. The West was ruled by the Timur Empire with a powerful army and the legacy of Islams. The Timur Empire conquered the entire Central Asia and even India and Europe. Therefore Ming needed to maintain amicable relationships with Timur Empire for its own substantiality. Xiyuxingchengji is the record of Chen Cheng who was the envoy of Ming to travel to the West despite the hardships. This study discussed Xiyuxingchengji to analyze the relations between Ming and the West at that time. Also, Ming at that time did not receive tributes from the West.

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.