본문 바로가기
  • Home

A Study on the Phenological Phenomenon Consciousness of the Tang Dynasty Poet and Its Poetic Expression

  • JOURNAL OF CHINESE STUDIES
  • 2019, (65), pp.71-91
  • DOI : 10.26585/chlab.2019..65.004
  • Publisher : CHINESE STUDIES INSTITUTE
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Received : July 31, 2019
  • Accepted : August 27, 2019
  • Published : September 30, 2019

HEEAHN KANG 1

1배재대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper confirms that the Tang Dynasty poet related natural seasons to a natural system in relation to the circulation of the season, and named it “the Phenological phenomenon consciousness”(物候意識). We described the background and examined “the Phenological phenomenon consciousness” reflected in the poem. The poet’s gaze on nature is far more profound and diverse, but the Phenological phenomenon consciousness can be one viewpoint that recognizes nature in one orderly circulation. Phenological phenomenon consciousness gradually developed after the 24 solar terms(二十四節氣) and the 72 pentad(七十二候) it began to form systematically at Yueling(月令: climate and phenology in a lunar month). The poet judged the time of the year and the season through the position of the stars in the night sky, the weather such as wind, dew and lightning, the activity of animals and the current state of plants. The poet was able to express various emotions more appropriately, base on phenological phenomenon(物候). The trial Poetry(試帖詩) in the Tang dynasty imperial examination(科擧考試), related to the phenological phenomena is seen in many titles, The knowledge of Phenological phenomena seems to be universal culture of people. Wenyuan Yinghua(文苑英華) is a partial selection, and there may be more cases in which there are phenological phenomenon-related content across the existing Trial Poetry. Even as a poet, phenological phenomenon frequently appears in the poem. Speaking of the Beginning of Summer(立夏), they associate the mole cricket with a cry(螻蟈鳴), and when the mole cricket cried, they associated the Beginning of Summer. Then, earthworms came out of the ground(蚯蚓出), and it was associated with rattmelon coming out (王瓜生). Understanding these groups of phenomena into one bundle made the expression and citation smoother. The Tang Dynasty poets believed in Phenological phenomenon in response to such seasons relatively thoroughly. If “Cool winds are coming”(凉風至) in the Beginning of Autumn(立秋), they believe that the cool winds will be blowing in which the heat from the day will subside. With such “projected Phenological phenomenon consciousness” you can know how deep their Phenological phenomenon consciousness is.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.