본문 바로가기
  • Home

Humanitization of Communism and Revolution in the 1920’s - Qu Qiu Bai’s Realization and Transformation of the Ideology

  • JOURNAL OF CHINESE STUDIES
  • 2020, (68), pp.165-193
  • DOI : 10.26585/chlab.2020..68.007
  • Publisher : CHINESE STUDIES INSTITUTE
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Received : April 30, 2020
  • Accepted : June 1, 2020
  • Published : June 30, 2020

Lee, Hyun Bok 1

1강원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Qu Qiu Bai believed that changing the method according to reality, the ideology or ideal of communism would be realized. That was humanization. In Soviet Russia, Russian Communist Party tried to establish an overall socialist culture, such as ethnicity, economy, politics, diplomacy and morality of socialist country through the formulation of a policy. In China, the Imperial system as the pre-modern national system was collapsed, but the pre-modern culture was still intact, so China couldn’t advance to the next level of culture. Because imperialist powers and warlords were blocking its development politically. So under this condition, political revolutions to overthrow the reactionary forces and establish a new type of state were urgent tasks. The cultural revolution was a ultimate goal to be realised in China, but it was not immediate one at that time. What was urgent was the national revolution against imperialism and compardors, and democratic revolution opposing to the domestic warlords. The former establish an independent country and the latter found a unified political system and national unifiction market system. Qu Qiu Bai thought that the cultural revolution could only be achieved after political revolution. However, Qu Qiu Bai was taking the subjet both in the current political revolution and in the ultimate cultural revolution into consideration. They should’t be the ones organized by rulers, but be the ones who would organize and act for themselves. The ruling party tries to ideologize and perpetuate the political practice of reality which is a transitional stage or a means. Qu Qiu Bai regarded a politicization for the realization of the ideal as humanization, but raised a question on it by presenting it as a transitional step. On the other hand it meaned that the cultural revolution as a social practice should be developed by the subject who organize and practice by oneself.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.