본문 바로가기
  • Home

Influence of Late School-age Children and Their Mothers’ Health Beliefs, Children’s Self-esteem, and Social Support on Health Behaviors of Children

  • Global Health and Nursing
  • Abbr : Global Health Nurs
  • 2022, 12(1), pp.36-46
  • DOI : 10.35144/ghn.2022.12.1.36
  • Publisher : Research Institute of Nursing Science
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Nursing Science
  • Received : December 14, 2021
  • Accepted : December 31, 2021
  • Published : January 31, 2022

Lee, Sujin 1 Lee, Haejung ORD ID 2 Lee, Yoon-Ju ORD ID 2 PARK GA EUN 2 Sookyung Hyun 2

1동아대학교
2부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the predictors of late school-age children’s health behaviors in children and their mothers’ health beliefs, children’s self-esteem, and social support. Methods: A descriptive correlational study was conducted with 152 late school-age children from the 4th to 6th grades and their mothers in Korea. Data were collected from February 19 to March 5, 2020. The collected data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple linear regression. Results: The average score for health behaviors was 3.35 out of 4.00. The highest subscale of health behavior was mental health, whereas the lowest was eating habits. After adjusting for the influences of the general characteristics of children and their mothers, children’s perceived benefits (β=.17, p=.005), perceived barriers (β=-.20, p=.001), self-efficacy (β=.19, p=.005), and mothers’ perceived severity (β=.18, p=.001) were significant predictors of health behaviors among late school-age children, accounting for 24.0% of the variance (R2 change=.24, F=11.59, p<.001). The total explanatory power of the final regression model was 72.0% (adjusted R2 =.72, F=24.98, p<.001). Conclusion: Children’s health beliefs were more important than mothers’ health beliefs in explaining the health behaviors of late school-age children. Nursing interventions should focus on perceived barriers, self-efficacy, and perceived benefits to improve health behaviors of late school-age children.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.