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A Diachronic Study of the Korean Demonstrative ‘jeo’

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2005, 16(), pp.179-204
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

유 경 민 1

1한국외국어대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This paper attempts to present a systematic and diachronic analysis of the Korean demonstrative jeo, which occurs in several different syntactic constructions and enters into various discourse contexts. As is widely known, the basic morphemes of Korean demonstratives constitute a tripartite distinction but the system of English demonstratives is composed of dual distinctions ; i-'this', geu-'that' and jeo-'that'. These three morphemes are combined with various elements, forming tripatite paradigms such as iri 'here', geuri 'there' and jeori 'over there' ; ireon 'this', geureon 'that' and jeoreon 'that' ; ireohke 'like this', geureohke 'like that' and jeoreohke 'like that' ; igeo 'this thing', geugeo 'that thing', jeogeo 'that thing'. There are structural oppositions between Korean demonstratives and English demonstratives because two morphemes(geu- and jeo-) are pseudo-synonymy. In Korean, second and third personal pronoun encoding of in the same way(geudae, geunyeo). The relation of geu and jeo has an important bearing on the meaning and change of meaning to jeo. Korean demonstrative 'jeo' is analyzed into two major uses. First, there is their function as a indicator of spatio-temporal deixis. Secondly category is characterized as mental or conceptual deixis, which is linked to the speaker's emotional involvement in the subject matter of his utterance. They are out of being used as a discourse deixis or an anaphora, referring back to prior discourse or referring forward to anticipated discourse.

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