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A Study on the Derivative Relation of Polysemy as a Kind of Semantic Relation

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2005, 17(), pp.151-175
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

남경완 1

1창원대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to examine the nature of polysemy, especially focused on the relation that is connected among the allosemes within a polysemous word. The semantic relation of lexeme is divided into the relation that is connected within a lexeme and the relation that is connected among two or more lexeme. In the first case, the semantic relation is extended to the lexical relation but in the second case, the semantic relation is restricted within one lexeme. Therefore, it is proposed that the semantic relation of polysemy belongs to the relation that is connected within a lexeme. This study also investigates the aspect of derivative relation of a polysemy. In general, the aspect of extension of meaning is explained by some principles, e.g. from concreteness to abstractness. These principles, however, are too general to explain a process of derivation of allosemes of polysemy and it is necessary to classify the allosemes of polysemy by their paradigmatic and syntagmatic semantic relation. The Korean verb, bul-ta("to blow") that has nine semes was taken by an example to show how we can investigate the aspect of derivation of polysemy based on the semantic relation.

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