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A study on the kʌppathi-'s meaning and morphological analysis

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2009, 30(), pp.163-180
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Yu Kyung-Min 1

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ABSTRACT

Yu kyung-min, 2009. A study on the kʌppathi-'s meaning and morphological analysis. Korean Semantics, 30. I argue that the word ‘kʌppathi(바티)-’ in Middle Korean can be analyzed as consisting of ‘kʌp- + pathi-’. Some may argue that ‘kʌp()-’ is derived from ‘kʌs()- + pʌ()-’, but I believe that its morphological derivation is ‘-’, giving rise to ‘kapkapha-’ in Contemporary Korean. As for ‘pathi(바티)-’, it may be taken to be from ‘piwat(비왙)/pat(밭)- + -hi(히)/i(이)-’, but it should be analyzed as ‘pat- + -hi-’ whose cognate in Contemporary Korean is ‘pathi(받히)-’. I have come to this conclusion as a result of examining the original texts and their Chinese counterparts containing kʌp, pathi-, and kʌppathi- together with their associated meanings. The form and the meaning of ‘kʌppathi-’ are related to such forms as ‘kʌpnurŭ(누르)-’, ‘puppathi(붑바티)-’, and my speculation is that the meaning of ‘kʌppathi-’, one of the rare words in Middle Korean texts, is [(breath/cry) is welling up stiflingly].

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