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Sense-Characterization of “-mankeum” and “-cheorum” and Comparative and Figurative Expression

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2011, 34(), pp.109-130
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Na Eun Mi 1

1한성대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This research investigates the relationship between a sense-characterization of ‘-mankeum’ and ‘-cheorum’ and comparative and figurative expression. First, as a preceding element, ‘-mankeum’ has a limitation from an expression that reveals a detailed aspect of existence, and ‘-cheorum’ is restrained from combining with words of measurement. Second, ‘-mankeum’ has a restriction of combination with vocabulary without a grade within the words, however, ‘-cheorum’ does not have the restriction of combination to the predicate. Third, a sentence with ‘-mankeum’ is interpreted that a matching context is equal to a matching object, and a sentence with ‘-cheorum’ is interpreted in two ways―‘expression of determining the fact’ about the predicate’s context and ‘expression of the aspect of existence.’ Fourth, comparative expression is expressing a matching result about a matching context, and figurative expression is expressing matching subject’s aspect of existence. Fifth, on the comparative expression, the matching object and the matching subject are homogeneous, and the matching context should not be a distinguished characteristic of matching object. On the other hand, on the figurative expression, the matching subject and the matching object are heterogeneous, and the matching context must be a distinguished characteristic of the matching object or a typical characteristic that is generally well known.

Citation status

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