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The semantic components of the motion event in Korean focusing on ‘dalida’.

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2012, 38(), pp.81-107
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Lim Tae-sung 1

1경북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper discusses motion and its event, which is focused on ‘dalida’ in Korean. This is based on experientialism in Cognitive Linguistics, which language reflects our experience. Motion is classified not only physical motion but also psychological motion. Physical motion motivates psychological motion. Psychological motion divides situated and fictive motions. Motion event is the frame of direct or indirect events or situations that we experience. This paper discusses the semantic components of the verb ‘dalida’ referring to Talmy(2000)’s analyses. The semantic components are Figure, Ground, Motion, Path, Manner and Cause in Talmy. ‘dalida’ is a motion verb conflated with the Manner of ‘fast’. In respect of physical motion, ‘dalida’ expresses semantic components of Starting point, Path, and End point as well as Figure and Ground. Those components trigger our cognitional expansion into psychological motion. In other words, psychological motion provokes the conceptualizer's imaginative motion. Therefore, the semantic expansion of the motion verb 'dalida' is various and unpredictable while we perceive 'dalida' within a straight line.

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