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The Diachronic Development of the Lexical Honorific Verbs in Korean

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2013, 40(), pp.281-306
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

SeonYeong Lee 1

1홍익대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to discuss the diachronic development of the Lexical Honorific Verbs in Modern Korean. Korean Honorifics can be divided into the Syntactic Honorifics and the Lexical Honorifics. The Syntactic Honorifics is realized by using special endings, while the Lexical Honorifics is realized by special words. In Modern Korean, for example, ‘Yeojjubda(여쭙다)’ and ‘Jumusida(주무시다)’ are used instead of ‘Mudda(묻다)’ and ‘Jada(자다)’ to express respect to a target person. The Diachronic Development of the Lexical honorific Verbs in Modern Korean can be classified into four types. The lexicalization of word forms including subject honorific ending ‘-si-(시-)’, the lexicalization of word forms including object honorific ending ‘-jab- (-ᄌᆞᆸ-)’, the lexicalization of causative forms, and the change of euphemism. First, the words like ‘Jumisida(주무시다), Jasida(자시다), Gyesida(계시다), Mosida(모시다)’ are lexicalized by the extinction of verb in front of pre-final ending ‘-si-’. Second, the words like ‘Yeojjubda(여쭙다), Jabsusda(잡숫다), Boebda(뵙다)’ are lexicalized by the extinction of pre-final ending ‘-jab-(-ᄌᆞᆸ-)’. Third, the words like ‘Deurida(드리다), Ollida(올리다)’ are derived from causative forms, in this process the change of focus occurs. Finally the words like ‘Dolagasida(돌아가시다), Pyeonchanheusida(편찮으시다)’ are derived from the euphemism.

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