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The Semantic Characteristics of Korean Prohibitive Adverb and Korean Language Education

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2013, 41(), pp.111-140
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Lee, Eunhee 1

1한국교원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The prohibitive intensity of prohibitive adverbs is so high and the politeness of them is so low that we it is necessary for us to be careful when we use or teach them. If foreigners learning Korean express them without carefulness, they may ruin the relationship between them and the hearers. That is the reason why we have hardly taught them to foreigners. But they may confront situations where they must understand or express prohibitive adverbs. This means that we should study their characteristics and prepare teaching and learning methods of them. Because 'Prohibition' has traditionally been regarded as only a part of 'Negation,' it is almost impossible for us to find such studies that revealed enough information of prohibitive adverbs. In this paper, I tried to make a list of them and revealed their semantic characteristics. Then I conducted a DCT(Discourse Completion Test) on 210 Korean native speakers to study how they use the prohibitive adverbs. Finally, on the basis of all the consideration, I proposed the teaching and learning methods of them. Namely I selected 'kuman' for the education of expression and 'cakcak' for the education of understanding. I also selected 'cektanghi' even though we cannot define it as a prohibitive adverb, because we need it for controlling the intensity of prohibition and politeness. Furthermore, on the basis of the semantic features of the words, I proposed the details of educational contents.

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