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Lexical Information of {moyang [shape/form] and {moyangita [look like/seem to do(be)] in the Korean Lexicon

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2013, 42(), pp.141-165
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Hyon-Sook Shin 1

1상명대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The lexical items {moyang} and {moyangita} are basic lexical items in the Korean Lexicon. Therefore, these items not only are pervasively used in the daily life of a typical Korean language user but also used in a range of contexts. This study sets out to provide the full scope of the lexical items’ usage and meaning through concrete and explicit explanations and examples as thoroughly as possible. For this purpose we applied the analytical tool proposed by Shin (2010, 2011). Furthermore, we discuss the syntactic relation of {moyang} and {moyangita} construction, including {pota [to see]} construction based on the semantic relation to these items. Particularly we point out that the syntactic structure is strongly related to the semantic category that belong to {moyang} and {moyangita}. We also discuss the extension model of the syntactic construction and the semantic domain of {moyang} and {moyangita}. For instance, the lexical item {moyang} extends to the {moyangita} construction within the embedded sentences or complex sentences. We show the basic meaning [shape/form] of {moyang} extends [look like/seem to do(be)] of {moyangita} with two semantic features [±eye], [±concrete object] and Korean Language user’s cognition. We do this by providing the lexical information for application in Korean language education. The revealed syntactic structure and semantic information necessary for structuring lexical information can be of aid to dictionary authors and developers of artificial intelligence. This study also provides a method for structuring lexical information for Korean linguists and linguist in general.

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