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A Comparative Analysis of the Meanings and Uses of Phalahta and Phwuluta 'Green/Blue’ in a Korean Written Corpus

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2014, 46(), pp.79-110
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Haeyeon Kim 1

1중앙대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to characterize and compare the meanings of the color terms phalahta and phwuluta ‘green/blue’ through an analysis of a written corpus. This study examines and compares the frequency rates, co-occurrence relations, collocation patterns of these two color terms in the database. More specifically, first, after critically reviewing dictionary definitions of the two terms, this paper claims that we need a corpus-based approach to proper characterization of the meanings and uses of phalahta and phwuluta. Second, this research examines the frequency rates of the two terms and related color terms, showing that the frequency rate of phwuluta amounts more than three times to that of phalahta. Third, the study shows that phalahta and phwuluta are used attributively with high frequency rates of 78.7% and 81.9%, respectively, showing low frequency rates in the predicative use. Fourth, this research examines the co-occurrence relations of the two adjectives with modified nouns, showing that they co-occur with nouns which refer to environmental, botanical objects, colors, and lights. Fifth, examination shows that the figurative meanings of phalahta and phwuluta are positive ones, denoting life, hope, freshness, youthfulness, etc, unlike the negative connotation of green and blue colors in English. Finally, this research shows that a corpus-based analysis of lexical items can be used fruitfully to characterize the meanings and uses of closely related words such as color terms.

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