본문 바로가기
  • Home

A study on the transitivity of the adjunct accusative marker ‘ul’ in Korean

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2019, 63(), pp.59-80
  • DOI : 10.19033/sks.2019.3.63.59
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : February 19, 2019
  • Accepted : March 25, 2019
  • Published : March 30, 2019

Cheonhak Kim 1

1서울시립대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates the transitivity of the accusative marker ‘ul’ when it is used as an adjunct particle in intransitive sentences. We can find as similar example at the English sentence, for example, ‘a mile’ in ‘John ran a mile.’ This can be regarded as an object in the sentence because ‘a mile’ can combine with the verb directly. However, the verb ‘run’ is an intransitive verb so that does not need any object in the sentence. On transitivity, it is related whether the sentence combined with the preposition or not of English. This is related whether the sentence combined with the accusative marker ‘ul’ or not in Korean. If the locative marker alternates with the accusative marker, this is close to the transitive sentence and the meaning would be changed from the locative to the object by a metaphoric extension. The status of the adding accusative marker ‘ul’ between locative phrases and the measure phrases is different. While the former can be close to an intransitive verb, the latter can be close to a transitive verb. However, the tests on transitivity are not straightforward, this is a matter of degree. Some verbs are more of transitive verbs and other verbs are more of intransitive verbs. So, in this case ‘a mile’ in ‘John ran a mile’ is delimiting the extent of John’s running and making the clause telic, and then close to the transitive verb.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.