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Bias in Korean Negative Polar Questions

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2020, 67(), pp.53-91
  • DOI : 10.19033/sks.2020.3.67.53
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : November 15, 2019
  • Accepted : March 17, 2020
  • Published : March 30, 2020

Park, Yugyeong 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the bias meaning of the long form negative polar question in Korean. In order to understand Korean polar questions and their meanings, this paper attempts to understand what exactly the bias means and investigate in what context the bias reading can arise. This paper will show the distributional properties of the various types of negative polar questions in the united way. Based on the distributional patterns of the negative polar questions, this paper will explain the semantic/pragmatic properties of Korean negative polar questions formally. This paper basically follows Romero and Han’s (2004) analysis which claims that the CG-managing operator VERUM is involved in the semantic representation of a negative polar question. Since Korean negative polar question does not allow Ladd’s ambiguity in its high negation form, however, departing from the VERUM-based analysis, it is not assumed that the negative form moves from the lower NegP to the higher NegP. Instead, it is assumed that in Korean high negation negative question involves VERUM operator, whereas low negation negative question does not involve VERUM operator in its semantic representation. In the case of low negation questions, following Goodhue(2018), it is assumed that the bias meaning can arise from the general pragmatic reasoning.

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