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The Semantics of the Prefinal Ending ‘-ess-’ within the Framework of Mental Space Theory

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2021, 74(), pp.83-112
  • DOI : 10.19033/sks.2021.12.74.83
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : July 30, 2021
  • Accepted : December 15, 2021
  • Published : December 30, 2021

Yeo Hyeonjeong 1

1영남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to explain the meaning of the prefinal ending ‘-ess-’ and related phenomena in modern Korean from the perspective of Mental space theory (Fauconnier 1985/1994, 1997; Cutrer 1994). This paper suggests that although ‘-ess-’ itself is not a space builder, it can construct an event space (space E) prior to BASE. An expression with ‘-ess-’ can mean the present result state of past event when FOCUS is located in the present space. Even in such cases, EVENT is located in space E which is prior to V-POINT. ‘-Ess-’ is, therefore, a past tense marker. The related phenomena can be explained as follows; First, even when the situation is true to the present, ‘-ess-’ can be used if the location of EVENT is prior to V-POINT. Second, the use of ‘-ess-’ in future situation can be explained by assuming non-factual space which expresses the resultant situation of EVENT space prior to it.

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