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A Comparative Study of Socratic Psyche and the Heart-Mind of Mencius - an Examination on Meno and Mencius

Lee Won Jean 1

1성균관대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper will adopt the experimental comparative approach in dealing with the intellectual itinerary in two different canons, Mencius and Meno. Socrates and Mencius were willing to suggest to contemporary intellectuals who intended to obtain a shallow or superficial knowledge in order to win, the real way of obtaining authentic knowledge (or virtues) and authentic lives. Their teachings take on the form of dialogues, and in the meanwhile their interlocutor comes across some intellectual barriers. Mencius and Socrates together suggest that we seek, amongst the ever changing things, the eternal things that never change. Mencius mentions the finding of the lost mind through sa (thinking). Socrates uses the metaphor of the statue of Daedalos, which is apt to run away, to describe Psyche. Now that Mencius and Socrates and their colleagues have established what the eternal things that never change are amongst the ever changing things, they try to seek it again, in the other way around, by seeking what the ever-changing things are and newly learning about them. For Mencius, it is the collaboration of sa (thinking) and hak (learning). For Socrates, this means the process of recollection and collective inquiry.

Citation status

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